Naming a Guardian for
Your Minor Child(ren)
Parents with minor children need to name someone to raise
them (a guardian) in the event both parents should die before the child becomes
an adult. While the likelihood of that actually happening is slim, the consequences
of not naming a guardian are great.
If no guardian is named in the
parent’s will, a judge—a stranger who does not know the parents, the child, or
their relatives—will decide who will raise the child without knowing whom the
parent would have preferred. Anyone can ask to be considered, and the judge
will select the person he/she deems most appropriate. On the other hand, if the
parent names a guardian (typically via the parent’s will), the judge will
usually go along with the parent’s choice.
Choosing a Guardian
The guardian does not have to be
a relative, so parents should consider and evaluate all candidates:
* Parenting style, values and religious
beliefs should be similar to their own.
* Location could be important. If the guardian
lives far away, the child would have to move from a familiar school, friends
* How comfortable with the candidates is the
* Consider the child’s age and that of the
guardian-candidates. Grandparents may have the time, but they may not have the
energy to keep up with a toddler or teenager. An older guardian may become ill
and/or even die before the child is grown. A younger guardian, especially an
adult sibling, may be concentrating on finishing college or starting a career.
If the child is older and more mature, he/she should have some input into this
* How prepared emotionally are the candidates
to take on this added responsibility? Someone who is single may resent having
to care for someone else’s children. Someone with a houseful of their own
children may not want more around, or they may welcome the addition.
* Ask the top candidates if they would be
willing to serve, and name at least one alternate in case the first choice
becomes unable to serve.
Raising the child should not be a financial burden for the
guardian, and a candidate’s lack of finances should not be the deciding factor.
The parent will need to provide enough money (from assets and/or life
insurance) to provide for the child. Some parents also earmark funds to help
the guardian buy a larger car or add onto their existing home, if needed.
Naming someone else to handle this money can be a good idea.
Having the same person raise the child and
handle the money can make things simpler because the guardian would not have to
ask someone else for money, but the best person to raise the child may not be
the best person to handle the money; and it may be tempting for them to use
this money for their own purposes.
Naming a guardian can be a difficult decision for many parents. Keep in mind that this person will
probably not raise the child because odds
are that at least one parent will survive until the child is grown. By naming a
guardian, however, the parent is being responsible and planning ahead for an
unlikely, yet possible, situation. And parents must realize that no one else
will be the perfect parent for their child, so typically this means making compromises
in some areas. Finally, parents should remember that they can change their
mind; in fact, parents should review and change the guardian as their child
grows and if the guardian’s situation changes.
If you have more questions, contact a Redwood City Estate Planning Attorney today.